Perspectives for the Use of Modern Means of Photography and Video Recording during the Investigation of Crimes

  • S. I. Perlin Kharkiv Research the Forensic Centre of the Ministry of Internal Affairs of Ukraine
  • S. M. Lozova Kharkiv Research the Forensic Centre of the Ministry of Internal Affairs of Ukraine
Keywords: means of photo-, video recording, crime investigation, action cameras, endoscopes

Abstract

Perspectives for the use of modern means of photography and video recording within forensic activities have been studied. It has been indicated that photo and video equipment is rapidly becoming obsolete and losing its relevance, so we should use the latest tools based on digital technologies for more effective recording of investigative (search) actions.

The technical characteristics of such modern technical means as action cameras and endoscopes have been analyzed. Action cameras have been studied as digital devices that can significantly expand the possibilities of photo and video recording of the course of investigative (search) actions, as well as some types of forensic research. Extensive possibilities of using action cameras within investigative practice during investigative (search) actions allow to reproduce the movements, facial expressions, gestures of persons (during interrogation and simultaneous interrogation of two or more persons) with high accuracy; allow to display not only static, but also dynamic situation (crime scene search, search, presentation for identification, investigative experiment), and also provide many other advantages.The use of endoscopes in forensic activities will solve the problem not only of fixation, but also the search for evidence in difficult conditions (in ventilation ducts, pipes, hidden places of bathrooms, built-in furniture). The waterproofness of the endoscope allows us to use it for underwater inspection (in a well, pond, aquarium). The effectiveness of the endoscope is unquestionable in studying internal structure of the weapon, the overlap of the walls and in many other cases, when penetration into hard-to-reach places is required during the expert examination.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

Author Biographies

S. I. Perlin, Kharkiv Research the Forensic Centre of the Ministry of Internal Affairs of Ukraine

Director;
Candidate (Ph.D.) of Juridical Sciences.

S. M. Lozova, Kharkiv Research the Forensic Centre of the Ministry of Internal Affairs of Ukraine

Department ensuring the activities (leading specialist in the scientific work);
Candidate (Ph.D.) of Psychological Sciences, Docent.

References

Potapov S.M., 1948. Forensic photography: methods of photographing evidence in investigative and judicial proceedings [Sudebnaya fotografiya: metody fotografirovaniya dokazatel’stv v sledstvennom i sudebnom protsesse]. Moscow; Leningrad: Izdatel`stvo Akademii nauk SSSR.

Selivanov N.A. and Eisman A.A., 1965. Forensic photography [Sudebnaya fotografiya]. Moscow: Yuridicheskaya literatura.

Saltevskii M.V. and Gaponov Yu.S., 1974. Forensic photography and cinematography in the activities of internal affairs [Sudebnaya fotografiya i kinematografiya v deyatel`nosti organov vnutrennikh del]. Kiev: Izdatel`stvo KVSh MVD SSSR.

Perlin S.I. and Shevtsov S.O. (managers), 2009. Scientific and technical means in expert practice: conceptual principles [Naukovo-tekhnichni zasoby v ekspertnii praktytsi: kontseptualni zasady]. Kharkiv: FOP Chaltsev O.V.

Postyka I.V., 2002. Forensic photography: theory and practice [Sudova (kryminalistychna) fotohrafiia: teoriia i praktyka]. Odesa: Yurydychna literatura.

Hlibko V.M., Dudnikov A.L. et al., 2001. Criminalistics [Kryminalistyka]. Kyiv: In Yure. (Ed.: Shepitkо V.Yu.).

Shevchuk V.M., 2001. Fundamentals of smuggling investigation methods [Osnovy metodyky rozsliduvannia kontrabandy]. Kharkiv: Natsionalna yurydychna akademiia Ukrainy.

Kozachok V.S., 2019. Features of the endoscope use in forensic ballistic research [Osoblyvosti vykorystannia endoskopa pry provedenni sudovo-balistychnykh doslidzhen]. In: National Academy of Internal Affairs et al. Theory and practice of forensic activity [Teoriia ta praktyka sudovo-ekspertnoi diialnosti]. 27 January. Kyiv: Natsionalna akademiia vnutrishnikh sprav.

Published
2020-09-30
How to Cite
Perlin, S. I. and Lozova, S. M. (2020) “Perspectives for the Use of Modern Means of Photography and Video Recording during the Investigation of Crimes”, Law and Safety, 78(3), pp. 103-108. doi: 10.32631/pb.2020.3.13.
Section
CRIME COUNTERACTION AND COMBATING CORRUPTION