Behavioral diagnostics of aggressive behavior of National police officers by psychological training measures

Keywords: aggression, aggressive behavior, behavioral diagnostics, police officers, psychological training


The results of the empirical research of aggressive behavior of the officers of the National Police have been presented. The objective of the research was to substantiate the psychological training as a method of psychological diagnosis of behavioral aggressiveness of police officers.
In total, empirical studies covered 138 police officers aged 24-35 from different regions of Ukraine, where there were 57 women and 81 men who passed advanced training courses at Kharkiv National University of Internal Affairs.
To determine the testometric aggressiveness of the subjects, the authors have used two standardized questionnaires for the diagnosis of aggressiveness (P. Kovalov - Ye. Ilina and L. Pocheubut) and the projective method “Test of a hand” by E. Wagner. The authors have distinguished the indicators of testometric aggression of the officers of the National Police of different gender; have conducted their comparative analysis. It has been found out that police officers in general are characterized by a low level of personal and behavioral aggression. It has been found out that male police officers have a significantly higher level of physical aggression than females. Women, in turn, are more vulnerable to manifestations of verbal aggression than men. Analysis of the projective methodology for the diagnosis of aggression confirms the results of the questionnaires about the general low level of aggressiveness of police officers. It has been determined that police officers, regardless of gender, have intrinsic insensitivity to the influence of society, low sensitivity to the opinion of others, the reluctance to build symmetrical relations, which in the end points to an aggressive orientation within interpersonal interaction.
The standardization of psychological training exercise “Chair” has been carried out in accordance with the scales reflecting strategies of denial, replacement, assistance seeking, aggression, regression and cooperation. The authors have carried out the assessment of the expressiveness of behavior according to the mentioned strategies at three levels: low, medium and high. It has been clarified that the use of aggressive and regressive behavior strategies and assistance seeking are the most typical for police officers.
Comparison of the indicators of testometric and behavioral aggressiveness of the officers of the National Police has been conducted. It has been found out that none of the testometric indicators of aggression of police officers increases linearly in the case of comparison between the groups selected by the level of behavioral aggression. It points to the fact that the real behavioral aggressiveness is a polyderterministic, multifactorial phenomenon. The authors have determined two indicators of testometric aggressiveness of police officers, which differ in polar according to behavioral aggressiveness of groups – they are verbal and substantive aggression. Thus, these types of aggression serve as empirically verified testometric indicators of behavioral aggressiveness and can be used for its evaluation in the process of professional and psychological selection of candidates for service in police and in the psychological support of police officers.
On the basis of the conducted research, the authors have concluded about the fundamental possibility of using psychological training as a mean of psychological diagnosis of aggressive behavior of police officers.

Author Biographies

S. O. Larionov, National Academy of the National Guard of Ukraine (Kharkiv)

Department of psychology and pedagogics;
Candidate of Psychological Sciences (Ph.D.), Docent.


P. V. Makarenko, Kharkiv National University of Internal Affairs

Faculty No. 4;
Candidate of Psychological Sciences (Ph.D.), Docent.

V. V. Dotsenko, Kharkiv National University of Internal Affairs

Department of pedagogics and psychology;
Candidate of Psychological Sciences (Ph.D.), Docent.


Voitoych O., 2018. Torture of the new police: why continue to torture Ukrainians? [Tortury novoi policii: chomu y nadali katuiut ukraintsiv?]. Deutsche Welle, [online] January 19, 2018. Avaliable at [Accessed 20 August 2018].

The inactivity of the police in Mykolaiv Avakov explained the complexity of the reform process of the Ministry of Internal Affairs [Bezdiialnist politsii v Mykolaievi Avakov poiasnyv skladnoshchamy procesu reformuvannia MVS]. TSN, [online] January 19, 2018. Avaliable at [Accessed 20 August 2018].

Department of personnel support of MIA, 2008. Methodical recommendations “Using methods of psychological express-diagnostics of individual psychological qualities of personality in work with personnel” [Metodychni rekomendatsii “Vykorystannia metodyk psykholohichnoi ekspress-diahnostyky indyvidualno-psykholohichnykh yakostei osobystosti u roboti z personalom”]. Kyiv: MVS Ukrainy.

Berkovits L., 2001. Aggression. Causes, consequences, control [Agressiia. Prichiny, posledstviya, kontrol`]. Moscow: Akademiya.

Baron R. and Richardson D., 1997. Agression [Agressiya]. St. Petersburg: Piter.

Bandura A. and Walters R., 1999. Adolescent aggression [Podrostkovaya agressiya]. Moscow: Akademiya

Il`in E.P., 1999. Psychology of aggressive behavior [Psihologiya agressivnogo povedeniya]. St. Petersburg: Piter.

Kernberg O.F., 1998. Aggression in Personality Disorders and Perversions [Agressiya pri rasstroistvah lichnosti i perversiyakh]. Moscow: Klass.

Lorenz K., 1994. Aggression (the so-called “evil”) [Agressiya (tak nazyvaemoe “zlo”)]. Moscow: Progress.

Rean A.A., 1996. Aggression and aggressiveness of personality [Agressiya i agressivnost` lichnosti]. Psychological journal [Psihologičeskij žurnal], No 5, pp. 3-18.

Fromm E., 1994. The anatomy of human destructiveness [Anatomiya chelovecheskoi destruktivnosti]. Moscow: Respublika.

Furmanov I.A., 1996. Children’s aggressiveness [Detskaya agressivnost`]. Moscow: Sfera.

Bandurka O.M., Bocharova S.P. and Zemlianska O.V., 2006. Juridical psychology [Yuridicheskaya psikhologiya]. Kharkiv: Titul.

Balabanova L.M., 1998. Judicial pathopsychology (issues of determining norms and deviations) [Sudebnaya patopsikhologiya (voprosy opredeleniya normy i otklonenii)]. Donetsk: Stalker.

Videnieiev I.O. and Balabanova L.M., 2001. Features of manifestation of aggressive behavior in dialectal teenagers and schoolchildren [Osoblyvosti proiavu ahresyvnoi povedinky u delinkventnykh pidlitkiv ta shkoliariv]. [online] Problems of extreme and crisis psychology [Problemy ekstremalnoi ta kryzovoi psykholohii], Iss. 1. Avaliable at [Accessed 20 August 2018].

Popova G.V. and Miloradova N.E., 2010. Peculiarities of self-regulation of mental states of employees of internal affairs bodies [Osoblyvosti samorehuliatsii psykhichnykh staniv pratsivnykiv orhaniv vnutrishnikh sprav]. Problems of extreme and crisis psychology [Problemy ekstremalnoi ta kryzovoi psykholohii], No. 7, pp. 379-388.

Kazmirenko L.I. and Tuzheliak N.M., 2011. The problem of aggression as a social phenomenon in legal and psychological discourse [Problema ahresii yak socialnyi fenomen v yurydyko-psykholohichnomu dyskursi]. The Scientific Bulletin of Lviv State University of Internal Affairs (legal series) [Naukovij vìsnik L`vìvs`kogo deržavnogo unìversitetu vnutrìšnìh sprav. Serìâ ûridična], No. 4, pp. 444-453.

Sappa M.M., 2016. Verbal aggression as an object of psychological and legal analysis [Verbalnaya agressiya kak ob``ekt psikhologo-pravovogo analiza]. [online] Vestn. pedagog. psihol. Ûžn. Sib., No. 4, pp. 92-103. Available at [Accessed 20 August 2018].

Myronets S.M. and Timchenko O.V., 2008. Negative mental states of rescuers in the conditions of an emergency [Nehatyvni psykhichni stany riatuvalnykiv v umovakh nadzvychainoi sytuatsii]. Kyiv : Avgust Treid.

Tsilmak O.M., 2004. Psychological determinants of manifestations of aggression by employees of the internal affairs authorities [Psykholohichni determinanty proiaviv agresii u pratsivnykiv orhaniv vnutrishnikh sprav]. Ph.D. dissertation. National Academy of Internal Affairs.

Yakovenko S.I., Maksymova N.Yu., Moroz L.I. et al., 2006. Juvenile delinquency: reasons, consequences and ways of prevention [Zlochynnist nepovnolitnikh: prychyny, naslidky ta shliakhy zapobihannia]. Kyiv: Palivoda A.V.

Tsilmak O.M., 2014. The phenomenon of “weapons effect” in the study of manifestations of aggression in police officers [Fenomen “efektu zbroi” pry doslidzhenni proiaviv ahresii u pratsivnykiv orhaniv vnutrishnikh sprav]. [online] Fundamental and applied researches in practice of leading scientific schools, No. 2, pp. 51-69. Avaliable at [Accessed 20 August 2018].

Eliseev O.P., 2003. Workshop on the psychology of personality [Praktikum po psikhologii lichnosti]. 2nd ed. St. Petersburg: Piter. Pp. 310-327.

Shmelev A.G., 2002. Psychodiagnostics of personality traits [Psikhodiagnostika lichnostnykh chert]. St. Petersburg: Rech`.

How to Cite
Larionov, S., Makarenko, P. and Dotsenko, V. (2018) “Behavioral diagnostics of aggressive behavior of National police officers by psychological training measures”, Law and Safety, 68(1), pp. 39-49. doi: 10.32631/pb.2018.1.05.