Methods of developing stress resistance of law enforcement officers at the stage of professional training
The results of theoretical analysis of modern directions, approaches and methods of stress management have been presented. It has been determined that the classification of methods of stress management depends on the type of psychotherapy, the direction of work with stress, time parameters of interaction with stress factors, the method of influencing the functional state, the method of anti-stress influence, etc. Based on the analysis of various scientific approaches, the methods of developing the ability to handle stress from law enforcers who study in higher education institutions with specific learning conditions are systematized and divided into three branches: prevention, neutralization and correction of stress, and recovery of organism resources.
A series of trainings aimed on the formation and development of stress resistance and resource conservation among police officers at the stage of professional training were presented. For the first year cadets of Kharkiv National University of Internal Affairs a training program “Adaptation” was developed, the purpose of which is to develop skills and abilities of self-organization of the person that are essential for studying in higher education institutions with specific learning conditions; development of responsibility, social courage, high standards of behavior and motivation of achievement; development of active and prosocial models of behavior. For the second year cadets, a training program “Stress and Lifestyle” was developed, the purpose of which is the formation of rules of psycho-hygiene and mastering the methods of self-regulation of stress. For the third year cadets there is a training “Professional stress”, which task is to develop responsibility for personal development and promote self-realization and the formation of a cadet as a self-sufficient creative person. Also for the third year cadets we offer personal growth training “Life design of the person”, the purpose of which is to form the need for an active life position, willingness for self-development, self-improvement and increase of responsibility for one’s own life.
On the basis of the research, conclusions were made on the expediency of the integrated implementation of the training system as a mean of forming and developing stress resistance and enhancing the existing personal resources of police officers at various stages of professional training.
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