Retrospective of legislation on the acquisition (purchase) of wild animals for the purpose of their maintenance and breeding in semi-free conditions or in captivity
The purpose of the article is to analyze and thoroughly study the special legal literature and the legal and regulatory framework for the emergence and gradual formation of legislation in the field of obtaining (purchasing) wild animals for the purpose of their maintenance and breeding in semi-free conditions or in captivity.
The importance of the scientific article is indisputable, since the question of the formation and development of the legislative framework, through which becomes possible regulation of environmental relations in the field of acquisition (acquisition) of wild animals for the purpose of their maintenance and breeding in semi-free conditions or in captivity, is a complex historical and legal phenomenon, that has its own periodization.
In the scientific work the author objectively and thoroughly investigates the history of the process of formation, formation and formation of environmental legislation in the field of obtaining (purchasing) wild animals for the purpose of keeping and breeding in semi-free conditions or in captivity.
The author’s point of view is fair, according to which in Ukraine there is currently no effective system of normative legal acts, that ensure the proper regulation of the use and protection of wild animals, that are in a semi-free condition or in captivity. At the same time in order to preserve the diversity of wildlife and successfully restore their numbers it is necessary to have an effective and reliable national legal system, ecological and legal norms and regulations that would regulate the legal regime of wild animals in semi-free conditions or in captivity.
The key point is the author’s position, that the formation of a retrospective of legislation in the field of acquisition (purchase) of wild animals for the purpose of their maintenance and breeding in semi-free conditions or in captivity should be divided into four main periods: the ancient period, medieval period, the period of the influence of tsarist Russia and the Austro-Hungarian Empire on Ukrainian lands and the period of formation and development of legislation within the Soviet Union. In the conclusions the author summarizes the analysis of the development of environmental legislation in the field of acquisition (purchase) of wild animals for the purpose of their maintenance and breeding in semi-free conditions or in captivity.
Carrington D., 2018. Humanity has wiped out 60% of animal populations since 1970, report finds. The Guardian, [online] 30 Oct. Available at https://www.theguardian.com/environment/2018/oct/30/humanity-wiped-out-animals-since-1970-major-report-finds/ [Accessed 23 November 2018].
Getman A.P., 2008. Ways of the development of the science of land law [Shliakhy stanovlennia i rozvytok nauky zemelnoho prava]. Problemi zakonnostì – Problems of legality , Iss. 95, pp. 103–107.
Volyk M.P., 1997. Legal regulation of hunting in Ukraine (on materials of the southern region of Ukraine) [Pravove rehuliuvannia poliuvannia v Ukraini (na materialakh pivdennoho rehionu Ukrainy)]. Abstract of Ph.D. dissertation. Odesa I.I.Mechnikov State University.
Ovdienko V.V., 2014. The legal regulation of hunting in Ukraine [Pravove rehuliuvannia myslyvstva v Ukraini]. Ph.D. dissertation. Yaroslav Mudryi National Law University.
Kraeva V.N., 2010. Legal regulation of use of hunting resources on fixed hunting agreements [Pravovoe regulirovanie pol`zovaniya okhotnich`imi resursami na zakreplennykh okhotnich`ikh ugod`yakh]. Ph.D. dissertation. Kutafin Moscow State Law University.
Matviichuk V.K. and Golub S.A., 2006. Illegal hunting: responsibility, protocol form, proceedings, investigation and prevention [Nezakonne poliuvannia: vidpovidalnist, protokolna forma, provadzhennia, rozsliduvannia i zapobihannia]. Kyiv: KNT.
Shekhovtsov V.V., 2009. Right of private property to objects of the animal world [Pravo privatnoi vlasnosti na obiekty tvarynnoho svitu]. Ph.D. dissertation. Yaroslav Mudryi National Law University.
Danilkin A.A., 2011. Farm hunting economy [Fermerskoe okhotnich`e khoziaistvo]. Moscow: Tovarishchestvo nauchnykh izdanii KMK.
Kryzhanivskyi O.P. et al. (managers), 1974. Readings on the history of the ancient world [Khrestomatiia z istorii starodavnoho svitu]. Kyiv: Radianska shkola.
Laws of Hammurabi [Zakony Khammurapi], 2003. In: Lysenko O.L. and Trycoz E.N. (compositors). Readings on the history of state and law of foreign countries [Khrestomatiya po istorii gosudarstva i prava zarubezhnykh stran]: in 2 vols. Vol. 1. Moscow: Norma. Pp. 12-15. (Ed.: N.A.Krasheninnikova).
Arthashastra, 1953. In: Struve V.V. (ed.). Readings on the history of the ancient world [Khrestomatiia z istorii starodavnoho svitu]. Vol. 1. Kyiv: Radianska shkola. Pp. 275-283.
Cherepakhin B.B., 1924. Initial ways of acquiring property rights under current law [Pervonachal`nyye sposoby priobreteniya prava sobstvennosti po deystvuyushchemu pravu]. Scientific Notes of Saratov State University named after N.G.Chernyshevsky [Uchenye zapiski Gosudarstvennogo Saratovskogo universiteta im. N.G.Chernyshevskogo], Vol. II, Iss. 4, pp. 3-31. Available at http://civil.consultant.ru/elib/books/22/page_7.html [Accessed 23 November 2018].
Kelch Th.G., 2012. A short history of (mostly) Western animal law. Part I. Animal Law Review, Vol. 19:23, pp. 23-62. Available at https://www.animallaw.info/sites/default/files/lralvol19_1_23.pdf [Accessed 23 November 2018].
Salicheskaya truth [Salicheskaya pravda], 2003. In: Lysenko O.L. and Trycoz E.N. (compositors). Readings on the history of state and law of foreign countries [Khrestomatiya po istorii gosudarstva i prava zarubezhnykh stran]: in 2 vols. Vol. 1. Moscow: Norma. Pp. 395-439. (Ed.: N.A.Krasheninnikova).
Zavarin V.P., 1987. Principles of designing zoological parks (on the example of the Northwest region of the USSR) [Pryntsypy proektirovaniya zoologycheskikh parkov (na primere Severo-Zapadnogo regiona SSSR)]. Abstract of Ph.D. dissertation. Leningrad Engineer and Builder Institute.
Matviichuk V.K., 2012. General theoretical approaches to the origins and periods of the criminal legal environmental protection in Ukraine [Zahalnoteoretychni pidkhody do vytokiv ta klasyfikatsii periodiv kryminalno-pravovoi okhorony navkolyshnioho pryrodnoho seredovyshcha na terenakh Ukrainy]. Juridical science, No. 1, pp. 83-95. Available at http://nbuv.gov.ua/UJRN/jnn_2012_1_11 [Accessed 23 November 2018].
Vrangel V.V., 1841. History of forest legislation of the Russian Empire [Istoriya lesnogo zakonodatel`stva Rossiiskoi imperii]. St. Petersburg.
Ferenets O.P., 2013. Environmental protection in Ukraine during the Kievan Rus [Ohorona navkolyshnoho seredovyshcha v Ukraini chasiv Kyivskoi Rusi]. Vìsnik Žitomirsʹkogo nacìonalʹnogo agroekologìčnogo unìversitetu – Bulletin of Zhytomyr National Agroecological University, Vol. 36, No. 1 (1), pp. 334-338.
Novitskyi R.O. and Domnich V.I., 2011. Fundamentals of Hunting [Osnovy myslyvstvoznavstva]. Dnipropetrovsk: Artlogos.
Sosnovsky I.P., 1981. Live museums [Zhivye muzei]. Moskow: Znanie.
Skuratova L.S., 2010. The history of the development of zoos [Istoriya razvitiya zooparkov]. Bulletin of Polzunov Altai State Technical University [Vestnik Altaiskogo gosudarstvennogo tekhnicheskogo universiteta im. I.I.Polzunova], No. 1-2, pp. 64-67.
Korytko L.Ya., 2012. The formation of the institution of legal protection of fauna in Austria-Hungary [Stanovlennia instytutu pravovoi okhorony tvarynnoho svitu v Avstro-Uhorshchyni. Naukovij vìsnik Lʹvìvsʹkogo deržavnogo unìversitetu vnutrìšnìh sprav. Serìja juridična – Scientific Bulletin of Lviv State University of Internal Affairs. Series Juridical, No. 1, pp. 28-35. Available at http://www2.lvduvs.edu.ua/documents_pdf/visnyky/nvsy/01_2012/12klyavau.pdf [Accessed 23 November 2018].
Protsiv O.R., 2010. Legal principles of hunting in the Austro-Hungarian and Russian empires of the second half of the XIX - early XX centuries [Pravovi zasady poliuvannia v Avstro-Uhorskii ta Rosiiskii imperiiakh druhoi polovyny XIX - pochatku XX stolittia]. Scientific Bulletin of NLTU of Ukraine, Iss. 20.6, pp. 50-57.
Ghosh K. Ex-situ and in-situ conservation of wild life with reference to zoo gardens and sundarban tiger reserve in West Bengal. Available at http://www.terisas.ac.in/mct/pdf/assignment/KANAILAL-GHOSH.pdf [Accessed 23 November 2018].
Parkalov I.V., 2010. Fur farming in Russia [K voprosu o promyshlennoi domestikatsii pushnykh zverei v Rossii]. Informacionnyj vestnik VOGiS, Vol. 14, No. 3, pp. 389-397.
Berezina N.Yu., 2017. Genesis of the legal regime of the use and protection of hunting grounds under the legislation of Ukraine [Heneza pravovoho rezhymu vykorystannia i okhorony myslyvskykh uhid za zakonodavstvom Ukrainy]. Naukovij vìsnik Mìžnarodnogo gumanìtarnogo unìversitetu. Serìâ Ûrisprudencìâ – Scientific Herald of International Humanitarian University, No. 27, pp. 82-88.
Garbuzov O.S., 1982. The role of evacuation of wilderness in the preservation of rare life-threatening [Rol` iskusstvennogo dicherazvedeniya v sjkhranenii redkikh zhivotnykh]. In: Artificial breeding of game in hunting farm [Dicherazvedenie v okhotnich`em khozyaistve]. Moscow. Pp. 6-40. Available at http://ex-situ.ru/bibliographylist/115-2010-05-18-19-14-35.html [Accessed 23 November 2018].
Flint V.E. et al., 1986. Breeding of rare species of birds [Razvedenie redkikh vidov ptits]. Moscow: Agropromizdat. Available at http://ex-situ.ru/bibliographylist/98-2010-04-16-19-13-12.html [Accessed 23 November 2018].
Copyright (c) 2018 O. Yu. Onishchenko
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.