Features of restoring the mental health of law enforcement officers who participated in the operation of the United Forces

Keywords: psychological decompression, a law enforcement officer, United Forces operation, adaptation, traumatization, combat actions, behavior, psychological rehabilitation


Based on the analysis of existing developments in the field of psychological rehabilitation of combatants, as well as own empirical research on the problem of combat psychological traumatization of individuals, the author has elaborated and presented own program “Decompression”.

Measures of psychological work of this program are designed for three or four days. Participation involves the employees of the units (all of them), who had suffered psychological traumatic events: death, injury, injurious effect of a person; stay in isolation (in captivity, hostage, surrounded); work with the remnants of human bodies; prolonged stay in the conditions of the operation of the United Forces, staying under the fire of the enemy, the use of weapons to defeat the enemy.

It is envisaged that during the period of decompression, the employees (combatants) should be involved in a dynamic, not boring and uncomplicated activity. Experience shows that if servicemen do nothing during this period, this will greatly contribute to the development of negative individual and group experiences and conditions, the occurrence of misconduct, drunkenness, drug addiction, etc.

This program contains a set of group and individual work methods, namely: debriefing, aimed at switching the minds of employees (combatants) from the zone of extreme conditions to the usual life, receiving relief, reducing the feeling of uniqueness and abnormality of own reactions, reducing internal tension, reducing the severity of psychological consequences after experienced stress; sessions of psycho-emotional self-regulation; treatment measures; individual psychological counseling.

At the end of the work, a conclusion-prognosis is drawn up for each employee who participated in the mental health restoration program “Decompression’ and recommendations on the possibility of further admission to the independent performance of the tasks of the service, the need for medical supervision, treatment, rehabilitation, enrollment in the group of strengthened psychological attention, etc. are provided.


Download data is not yet available.

Author Biography

O. S. Kolesnichenko, National academy of the National Guard of Ukraine, Kharkiv

Research laboratory for the moral and psychological support of the service and combat activity of the National guard of Ukraine of the research center of service and combat activities of the National Guard of Ukraine;
Candidate of Psychological Sciences (Ph.D.), Senior Researcher.


Korolchuk M.S., Korolchuk V.M., Kulazhenko A.I. et al., 2014. Psychological features of remote consequences of stressful influences [Psykhologhichni osoblyvosti viddalenykh naslidkiv stresoghennykh vplyviv]. Kyiv: Kyivskyi natsionalnyi torhovelno-ekonomichnyi universytet. (Ed.: Korolchuk M.S.).

Korolchuk M.S., 2010. Adaptation and its value in the system of psychophysiological support of activity [Adaptatsiia ta ii znachennia v systemi psykhofiziolohichnoho zabezpechennia diialnosti. Visnyk psykholohii i sotsialnoi pedahohiky – Bulletin of psychology and social pedagogics, [online] Iss. 2, pp. 191-211. Available at http://www.psyh.kiev.ua/%D0%9A%D0%BE%D1%80%D0%BE%D0%BB%D1%8C%D1%87%D1%83%D0%BA_%D0%9C.%D0%A1._%D0%90%D0%B4%D0%B0%D0%BF%D1%82%D0%B0%D1%86%D1%96%D1%8F_%D1%82%D0%B0_%D1%97%D1%97_%D0%B7%D0%BD%D0%B0%D1%87%D0%B5%D0%BD%D0%BD%D1%8F_%D0%B2_%D1%81%D0%B8%D1%81%D1%82%D0%B5%D0%BC%D1%96_%D0%BF%D1%81%D0%B8%D1%85%D0%BE%D1%84%D1%96%D0%B7%D1%96%D0%BE%D0%BB%D0%BE%D0%B3%D1%96%D1%87%D0%BD%D0%BE%D0%B3%D0%BE_%D0%B7%D0%B0%D0%B1%D0%B5%D0%B7%D0%BF%D0%B5%D1%87%D0%B5%D0%BD%D0%BD%D1%8F_%D0%B4%D1%96%D1%8F%D0%BB%D1%8C%D0%BD%D0%BE%D1%81%D1%82%D1%96_%D0%BC%D0%BE%D0%BB%D0%BE%D0%B4%D0%BE%D0%B3%D0%BE_%D1%81%D0%BF%D0%B5%D1%86%D1%96%D0%B0%D0%BB%D1%96%D1%81%D1%82%D0%B0 [Accessed 17 December 2018].

Maklakov A.G., 2001. The personal adaptive potential: its mobilization and prognostication in extreme conditions [Lichnostnyi adaptatsionnyi potentsial: ego mobilizatsiya i prognozirovanie v ekstremal`nykh usloviyakh]. Psihologičeskij žurnal – Psychological Journal, Vol. 22, No. 1, pp. 16-24.

Myronets S.M., 2011. Forecasting postponed post-traumatic stress disorder and reactions to participants in radiation incidents (for example, the Chernobyl disaster) [Prohnozuvannia vidstrochenykh posttravmatychnykh stresovykh rozladiv ta reaktsii v uchasnykiv radiatsiinykh intsydentiv (na prykladi Chornobylskoi katastrofy)]. Vìsnik Nacìonalʹnogo Unìversitetu Oboroni Ukraïni – Bulletin of the National Defence University of Ukraine, Iss. 5, pp. 186-191.

Onishchenko N. and Timchenko V., 2017. Psychological peculiarities of “leaving the war” [Psykholohichni osoblyvosti “vykhodu z viiny”]. Vìsnik - Kiïvsʹkij nacìonalʹnij unìversitet ìmenì Tarasa Ševčenka. Vìjsʹkovo-specìalʹnì nauki – Bulletin of Taras Shvchenko National University of Kyiv. Military and special sciences, No. 2, pp. 21-24.

Prykhodko I.I., 2015. Psychological peculiarities of service and combat activity of servicemen of the National Guard of Ukraine during the antiterrorist operation [Psykholohichni osoblyvosti sluzhbovo-boiovoi diialnosti viiskovosluzhbovtsiv Natsionalnoi hvardii Ukrainy pry provedenni antyterorystychnoi operatsii]. Vìsnik - Kiïvsʹkij nacìonalʹnij unìversitet ìmenì Tarasa Ševčenka. Vìjsʹkovo-specìalʹnì nauki – Bulletin of Taras Shvchenko National University of Kyiv. Military and special sciences, No. 2, pp. 35-39.

Kolesnichenko O.S., Prykhodko I.I., Matsehora Ya.V. at al., 2017. Programming of professional programs of post-traumatic stressful roses at the national service of the National Guard of Ukraine [Rozroblennia prohramy profilaktyky posttravmatychnykh stresovykh rozladiv u viiskovosluzhbovtsiv Natsionalnoi hvardii Ukrainy]. Kharkiv: Natsionalna akademiia Natsionalnoi hvardii Ukrainy.

How to Cite
Kolesnichenko, O. S. (2018) “Features of restoring the mental health of law enforcement officers who participated in the operation of the United Forces”, Law and Safety, 71(4), pp. 97-103. doi: 10.32631/pb.2018.4.14.