Aspects of Studying Self-Adjustment of Mental States of the Employees of Internal Affairs Agencies of Ukraine within Professional Activity
The article is focused on the research of self-regulation of mental states that arise in the employees of law enforcement agencies of Ukraine during the performance of professional activity in the conditions of extreme situations. The relevance of the research is currently increasing due to the need to increase resilience and overcome difficult life situations that often occur in the modern world.
It has been determined that the professional activity of the employees of law enforcement agencies of Ukraine has its features, which require not only the professional competence of a specialist, but also certain personal qualities, with adaptation to extreme situations.
The concepts of mental self-regulation, self-regulation and general ability to self-regulation have been analyzed. The basic levels of self-regulation related to professional activity (psycho-physiological, socio-psychological, psychological, spiritual) and corresponding self-regulatory abilities (emotional and psycho-physiological states, activity regulation, personal self-regulation, higher self-regulation ability) have been highlighted. They often occur while law enforcement officers perform their professional duties and lead to the emergence of negative mental states.
The concept and main characteristics of an extreme situation have been characterized; self-regulation regulatory systems have been listed, which at the same time act as levels of self-regulation that ensures the effectiveness of professional activities of police officers in extreme situations.
The author has studied methods of psychological influence (autogenic training and its variants, naive methods of self-regulation, the simplest methods of self-regulation, ideomotor training and neuro-linguistic programming), which are necessary for solving the set task.
The author of the article describes how to possess various techniques of mental self-regulation, which allow to optimize the mental states and behavior of police officers in extreme situations.
The conducted analysis of the aspect of studying self-regulation of mental states of police officers in professional activities to extreme situations demonstrates the possession of techniques of mental self-regulation and different levels and abilities of self-regulation, which allow to optimize the mental state and behavior of police officers.
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