Structure of Forensic Characteristics of Murdering Hostages or Kidnapped Persons

  • T. V. Bilyk Kharkiv National University of Internal Affairs
Keywords: forensic characteristics, contract murder, a hostage, kidnapped person


The concept and structure of forensic characteristics of crimes against human life and health have been analyzed. Based on the conducted study, the author has offered to define the forensic characteristics of a crime as the system of information about certain types of crimes with a structure consisting of a set of forensically significant elements that help the fastest investigation of the crime.

Studying this issue, we came to the conclusion that the structure of forensic characteristics of the murder of hostages or kidnapped persons is currently insufficiently studied. Accordingly, the purpose of this work is to analyze research and to build a structure of forensic characteristics of the murder of hostages or kidnapped persons. Based on the conducted research, the following elements of the forensic characteristics of the murder of hostages or kidnapped persons have been identified: 1) the method of committing the murder of hostages or kidnapped persons (preparation, commission, concealment); 2) the situation and mechanism of committing the murder of hostages or kidnapped persons (place as part of the material environment, which includes, besides the premises and areas, a set of different items); 3) the subject matter of the crime, the subject matter of criminal encroachment, or, as it is also called, the subject matter of criminal interest; 4) features of committing murders (trace picture); 5) forensic characteristics of the offender (physical, socio-demographic data, etc.); 6) forensic characteristics of the victim.


Download data is not yet available.

Author Biography

T. V. Bilyk, Kharkiv National University of Internal Affairs



Kolesnichenko A.N., 1965. General provisions of the methodology on investigating certain types of crimes: compendium of lectures on Soviet criminalistics [Obshchie polozheniya metodiki rassledovaniya otdel'nykh vidov prestuplenii: konspekt lektsii po sovetskoi kriminalistike]. Kharkiv.

Sergeev L.A., 1966. Investigation and prevention of embezzlements committed while construction activities [Rassledovanie i preduprezhdenii khishchenii, sovershaemykh pri proizvodstve stroitel'nykh rabot]. Abstract of Ph.D. dissertation. All-Union Institute for the Study of Causes and the Development of Crime Prevention Measures.

Belkin R.S., 1997. Course of criminalistics [Kurs kriminalistiki]: in 3 vols. Vol. 3. Moscow: Yurist''.

Gerasimov I.F., 1976. Forensic characteristics of crimes within the investigating methodology [Kriminalisticheskaya kharakteristika prestuplenii v metodike rassledovaniya]. Moscow: Yurist''.

Bakhin V.P., 1999. Forensic methodology: concept, essence and content of criminalistic tactics [Kriminalisticheskaya metodika: ponyatie, sushchnost' i soderzhanie kriminalisticheskoi taktiki]. Kyiv.

Aver'yanova T.V., Belkin R.S., Korukhov Yu.G. and Rossinskaya E.R., 2001. Criminalistics [Kriminalistika]. Moscow: Norma. (Ed.: Belkin R.S.).

Bernaz P.V., 2017. Concept of “forensic characteristics of murders” [Poniattia “Kryminalistychna kharakterystyka zlochynu”]. Pìvdennoukraïnsʹkij pravničij časopis – South Ukrainian Law Journal, No. 2, pp. 34-38.

Belkin R.S., 1983. Tendencies and perspectives of criminalistics development [Tendentsii i perspektivy razvitiya kriminalistiki]. In: Socialistic rule of law [Sotsialisticheskaya zakonnost']. Moscow.

Alieksieiev O.O., Areshonkov V.V. and Atamanchuk V.M., 2013. Forensic characteristics of murders [Kryminalistychna kharakterystyka vbybstv]. Kyiv: Tsentr uchbovoi literatury.

Sainchyn O.S., 2012. Analysis of the structure of forensic characteristics of serial murders [Analiz struktury kryminalistychnoi kharakterystyky seriinykh vbyvstv]. Aktualʹnì problemi polìtiki, Iss. 44, pp. 362-366.

Shepitko V.Yu., Zhuravel V.A. and Konovalova V.O., 2019. Criminalistics [Kryminalistyka]: in 2 vols. Vol. 2. Kharkiv: Pravo.

Shepitko V.Yu. Specifics of forensic characteristics of contract murders [Osoblyvosti kryminalistychnoi kharakterystyky vbyvst na zamovlennia]. Kyiv: Apostyl.

Kudryavtsev V.N. and Eminov V.E. (eds), 1997. Criminology [Kriminologiya]. Moscow: Yuryst''.

Andrushko P.P., 2004. Criminal and legal protection of intellectual property rights in Ukraine [Kryminalno-pravova okhorona prav intelektualnoi vlasnosti v Ukraini]. Kyiv: Forum.

Lashchuk Ye.F., 2005. Subject matter of a crime in criminal law of Ukraine [Predmet zlochynu v kryminalnomu pravi Ukrainy]. Abstract of Ph.D. dissertation. National Academy of Internal Affairs.

Saltevskyi M.V., 1999. Criminalistics [Kryminalistyka]: in 2 parts. Part 1. Kharkiv: Konsum; Osnova.

Kuntii A.I., 2015. Methods of investigating contract murders committed in the state of extreme emotional disturbance [Metodyka rozsliduvannia umysnoho vbyvstva, vchynenoho v stani sylnoho dushevnoho khvyliuvannia]. Abstract of Ph.D. dissertation. Lviv National University of Internal Affairs.

Konovalova V.O. and Shepitko V.Yu., 2004. Legal psychology. Academic course [Yurydychna psykholohiia. Akademichnyi kurs]. Kyiv: In Yure.

Maltsev O.V., Saіnchyn O.S. and Sotula O.S., 2019. Theoretical bases of investigating contract murders: criminal and legal, forensic and psychological aspects. Pattern killer’s profile [Teoretychni osnovy rozsliduvannia umysnykh vbyvstv: kryminalno-pravovi, kryminalistychni ta psykholohichni aspekty. Psykholohichnyi portret seriinoho vbyvtsi]. Ottawa: Accent Graphics Communications & Publishing.

How to Cite
Bilyk, T. V. (2020) “Structure of Forensic Characteristics of Murdering Hostages or Kidnapped Persons”, Law and Safety, 76(1), pp. 101-106. doi: 10.32631/pb.2020.1.14.