Public Administration in the Field of Using and Protecting Land Resources: International Experience and Ukrainian Realities
The generalized experience of management in the field of using and protecting land resources in such countries as Denmark, Canada, Latvia, Germany, Poland, the USA, Switzerland, France and others, as well as features of management realization of this sphere in Ukraine have been considered.
The purpose of the article is to determine the possibility and feasibility of introducing some elements of positive experience of management of developed countries into Ukraine in the field of use and protection of land resources.
The methodological basis of the article is a set of general scientific and special research methods. In particular, the method of analysis allowed to study the features of the management of developed countries in the field of use and protection of land resources and to identify inconsistencies in the provisions of national legislation regulating land relations; The comparative legal method was used to compare foreign and Ukrainian experience of management in the field of use and protection of land resources, as well as the possibility of using certain measures aimed at the rational use of land in Ukraine.
Two types of measures used in other countries to ensure the rational use and protection of land resources have been identified and considered: administrative (which are the form of implementation of state land policy and part of government activities) and economic (which are positive or negative incentives for land owners and users).
The main problems that exist in the field of land management in Ukraine have been revealed. It has been emphasized that the State Service of Ukraine for Geodesy, Cartography and Cadastre performs at the same time diametrically opposed powers, which are conducive to corruption.
It has been concluded that in order to ensure the rational use and protection of land resources, especially in the conditions of opening the land market in Ukraine, it is necessary to adopt the experience of more developed countries and make appropriate amendments to national legislation.
Teize Ye. and Kanevskyi D., 2019. Enough myths: who will benefit from the lifting of the moratorium on land sales in Ukraine [Dosyt mifiv: khto vyhraie vid skasuvannia moratoriiu na prodazh zemli v Ukraini]. [online] Deutsche Welle. Available at https://www.dw.com/uk/досить-міфів-хто-виграє-від-скасування-мораторію-на-продаж-землі-в-україні/a-50310826 [Accessed 29 May 2020].
Boklah V., 2015. Formation and development of state policy in the field of land resources management in Ukraine [Formuvannia ta rozvytok derzhavnoi polityky u sferi upravlinnia zemelnymy resursamy v Ukraini]. D.Sc. dissertation. Classic Private University.
Botezat O., 2016. Foreign experience of land use as a step of the land reform in Ukraine [Zarubizhnyi dosvid zemlekorystuvannia yak krok do realizatsii zemelnoi reformy v Ukraini]. Investytsiyi: praktyka ta dosvid – Investment: Practice and Experience, No. 24, pp. 116-119.
Vlasov V., Onishchuk M. and Ovsiannikov O., 2005. Poland agriculture after accession to EU [Silske hospodarstvo Polshchi pislia vstupu do Yevropeiskoho Soiuzu]. Ekonomìka APK – The Economy of Agro-Industrial Complex, No. 12, pp. 116-121.
Hreshchuk H., 2017. World experience of land management mechanism’s functioning of sustainable use of agricultural lands [Svitovyi dosvid funktsionuvannia zemlevporiadnoho mekhanizmu staloho vykorystannia silskohospodarskykh zemel]. Zbalansovane prirodokoristuvannâ – Balanced Nature Using, No. 1, pp. 99-104.
Novakovska I., 2016. Urban land use management [Upravlinnia miskym zemlekorystuvanniam]. Kyiv: Ahrarna nauka.
Shust H.P., 2019. Administrative and legal protection of land resources of Ukraine [Administratyvno-pravova okhorona zemelnykh resursiv Ukrainy]. D.Sc. dissertation. Ternopil National Economic University.
Dolmatova L.H., 2011. Fundamentals of state regulation in the field of usage and protection of land resources in the contemporary conditions [Osnovy gosudarstvennogo regulirovaniya v oblasti ispol`zovaniya i okhrany zemelnykh resursov v sovremennykh usloviyakh]. Inženernyj vestnik Dona – Engineering Journal of Don, [online] No. 2. Available at http://www.ivdon.ru/ru/magazine/archive/n2y2011/440 [Accessed 29 May 2020].
Sviridova L.A., 2016. World experience of public administration land use and protection taking into account the requirements of ecological safety [Svitovyi dosvid derzhavnoho administruvannia vykorystannia ta okhorony zemel iz vrakhuvanniam vymoh ekolohichnoi bezpeky]. Zemleustrìj, kadastr ì monìtorìng zemelʹ – Land Management, Cadastre and Land Monitoring, No. 4, pp. 74-83.
Miroshnychenko A.M., 2009. Land law of Ukraine [Zemelne pravo Ukrainy]. Kyiv: Alerta; KNT; TsUL.
Chuvpylo V.V., 2014. Land management: international experience [Upravlinnia zemelnymy resursamy: zarubizhnyi dosvid]. Naukovyi visnyk Akademii munitsypalnoho upravlinnia. Seriia: Upravlinnia, Iss. 3, pp. 235-242.
Kulynych P., 2016. Market and protection of agricultural lands in European legislation. Experience of the Netherlands [Rynok ta okhorona silskohospodarskykh zemel u yevropeiskomu zakonodavstvi. Dosvid Niderlandiv]. [online] Kyiv School of Economics. Available at http://www.kse.org.ua/uk/research-policy/land/analytical/?newsid=1707 [Accessed 29 May 2020].
Kucher A.V. and Kazakova I.V., 2016. Polish experience for the formation of the mechanism of protection and rational use of soils [Polskyi dosvid formuvannia mekhanizmu okhorony i ratsionalnoho vykorystannia hruntiv]. Zemleustrìj, kadastr ì monìtorìng zemelʹ – Land Management, Cadastre and Land Monitoring, No. 2-3, pp. 37-46.
Panasenko V., 2012. Soil protection. The experience of Germany [Okhorona gruntiv. Dosvid Nimechchyny]. [online] Agricultural Week. Ukraine. Available at https://a7d.com.ua/plants/9527-ohorona-runtv-dosvd-nmechchini.html [Accessed 29 May 2020].
Copyright (c) 2020 V. I. Teremetskyi, H. P. Shust
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.