Prevention of Criminal Offenses as One of the Tasks of Criminal Proceedings
The topical problem of preventing criminal offenses as a task of criminal proceedings has been studied. It has been established that the current state of crime in Ukraine and the negative tendencies that have occurred in the process of its development in modern conditions, in particular the growing number of criminal offenses, necessitates scientific and practical research to combat these socially dangerous phenomena, including in regard to the forms, methods and means of their prevention. The emphasis has been placed on crime prevention as the most socially dangerous acts. The historical development of crime prevention at different stages of society development has been studied. The author has analyzed regulatory acts of Ukraine, which contain the tasks on preventing criminal offenses within criminal proceedings. Certain terms have been defined, in particular: “prevention”, “preventive activities”, “cessation of criminal offenses and their relationship”. The author of the article hold the view that all the specified terms have a common feature, which is to carry out actions that prevent the commission of criminal offenses. The concept of “prevention of criminal offenses during the pre-trial investigation” has been formulated, which should be understood as the activities of investigators, interrogators, prosecutors aimed at applying certain procedural measures provided by the Criminal Procedural Code of Ukraine in order to prevent a person suspected of committing a criminal offense to commit criminally illegal or other actions that could destabilize the investigation of criminal proceedings. It has been concluded that it is necessary to further improve the functions of investigators (interrogators) on preventive activities during the pre-trial investigation of criminal proceedings to eliminate the identified causes and conditions that contributed to the commission of a criminal offense as one of the tasks of criminal proceedings.
Kudryavtsev V.N. and Eminov V.E. (eds), 1995. Criminology [Kriminologiya]. Moscow: Yurist.
Isaev M.M. (ed.), 1939. On crimes and punishments: biographical sketch and translation of Beccaria's book "On crimes and punishments" [O prestupleniyakh i nakazaniyakh: biograficheskii ocherk i perevod knigi Bekkaria “O prestupleniyakh i nakazaniyakh”]. Moscow: Yuridicheskoe izdatel`stvo NKYu SSSR.
Zakaliuk A.P., 2007. Course of modern Ukrainian criminology: theory and practice [Kurs suchasnoi ukrainskoi kryminolohii: teoriia i prakryka]: in 3 books. Book 1. Kyiv: In Yure.
Medytskyi I.B., 2008. Crime prevention [Zapobihannia zlochynnosti]. Ivano-Frankivsk.
Bandurka O.M. and Lytvynov O.M., 2014. The structure of the process of preventive activities [Struktura protsesu zapobizhnoi diialnosti]. Vìsnik Krimìnologičnoï asocìacìï Ukraïni – Bulletin of Criminological Association of Ukraine, No. 6, pp. 6-14.
Bahanets O., 2013. Proving the reasons and conditions that contributed to the commission of a criminal offense [Dokazuvannia prychyn ta umov, shcho spryialy vchynenniu kryminalnoho pravoporushennia]. Ûridična Ukraïna – Legal Ukraine, No. 8, pp. 83-87.
Omel`chuk L.V., 2012. Investigative prevention of crimes related to improper performance of professional duties by medical workers under the Criminal Code of Ukraine [Sledstvennaya profilaktika prestuplenii, svyazannykh s nenadlezhashchim ispolneniem professionalnykh obyazannostei meditsinskimi rabotnikami po Ugolovnomu kodeksu Ukrainy]. Ekonomika i pravo Kazakhstana, No. 23, pp. 42-47.
Bezpalova O.I., Melnyk K.Yu., Yukhno O.O. et al., 2016. Law of Ukraine "On the National Police" [Zakon Ukrainy “Pro Natsionalmu politsiiu”]. Kharkiv: Kharkivskyi natsionalnyi universytet vnytrishnikh sprav. (Ed.: Sokurenko V.V.).
Yukhno O.O., 2015. Current problems of crime prevention in the introduction and improvement of the current Criminal Procedure Code of Ukraine [Aktualni problemy zapobihannia kryminalnym pravoporushenniam pry zaprovadzhenni ta vdoskonalenni chynnoho Kryminalnoho protsesualnoho kodeksu Ukrainy]. Vìsnik Krimìnologičnoï asocìacìï Ukraïni – Bulletin of Criminological Association of Ukraine, No. 2, pp. 275-286.
Burbelo B.A., 2010. The concept of preventive activities of the investigator and its significance [Poniattia profilaktychnoi diialnosti slidchoho ta ii znachennia]. Pravo bezpeka, No. 3, pp. 178-182.
Avanesov G.A., 1980. Criminology and social prevention [Kriminologiya i sotsial`naya profilaktika]. Moscow: Izdatel`stvo Akademii MVD SSSR.
Zvirbul` V.K. (ed.), 1977. Theoretical foundations of crime prevention [Teoreticheskie osnovy preduprezhdeniya prestupnosti]. Moscow: Yuridicheskaya literatura.
Smiian L.S. and Nikitin Yu.V. (eds), 2010. Criminology [Kryminolohiia]. Kyiv: Natsionalna akademiia upravlinnia.
Zelinskii A.F., 1996. Criminology (course of lectures) [Kriminologiya (kurs lektsii)]. Kharkov: Prapor.
Koriahina A., 2016. Crime prevention as a kind of social and preventive activities [Zapobihannia zlochynnosti yak riznovyd sotsialno-profilaktychnoi diialnosti]. Pìdpriêmnictvo, gospodarstvo ì pravo – Entrepreneurship, Economy and Law, No. 11, pp. 191-196.
Copyright (c) 2020 A. V. Ros, R. M. Balats
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.