Jurisdiction of IP-Court: Issues of Theory and Practice
The author of the article studies the current state of determining the jurisdiction of the IP-court in Ukraine. The emphasis is placed on the relevance of this scientific article due to the current state of the formation of the IP-court and its composition.
The principles of the judicial system of Ukraine, which are territoriality, specialization and instance, are determined. Specific features of each of the principles of the judicial system of Ukraine are indicated.
The author’s vision of the category of "jurisdiction of the IP-court" is suggested. That category is a set of powers of the IP-court to resolve certain categories of legal disputes and cases in the field of intellectual property.
It is emphasized that the principle of territoriality of the IP-court in Ukraine extends its jurisdiction to the entire territory of the state, which is established by the Basic Law and the title law on the judiciary and the status of judges. Accordingly, the principle of territoriality must be consistent and organically combined with the principle of specialization.
The powers of the IP-court have been established. They have been offered to be defined in the title law on the Supreme Court on intellectual property issues. Perspective directions of further scientific research are defined, namely: legal bases of activity of the IP-court in Ukraine and a place of the norms of administrative legislation among them.
It is concluded that the degree of efficiency of the IP-court in Ukraine depends on the definition of all these components of jurisdiction, which is currently the key one at the initial stage of the formation of its legal base. The definition of each principle creates the conditions for the operation of the second principle, which makes it impossible for them to function independently. However, each of the principles of the judicial system plays an independent role in its construction and they all together contribute to the effective organization and legal functioning of the judicial system in general, and the activities of the IP-court in particular.
Baulin O.V., 2013. The concept of jurisdiction and the new Criminal Procedure Code of Ukraine [Poniattia yurysdyktsii i novyi Kryminalnyi protsesualnyi kodeks Ukrainy]. Ûridičnij časopis Nacìonal’noï akademìï vnutrìšnìh sprav – Legal Journal of the National Academy of Internal Affairs, No. 2, pp. 9-13.
Hanqin X., 2017. Jurisdiction of the International Court of Justice. Leiden: Brill Nijhoff.
Grant J.P. and Barker J.C. (eds), 2009. Encyclopaedic Dictionary of International Law. 3rd ed. New York: Oxford University Press.
Garner B.A. (ed.), 2009. Black`S Law Dictionary. 9th ed. St. Paul: West Group.
Bratel S.H., Konstantinov S.F., Shrub I.V. et al., 2016. Administrative and jurisdictional activities of the police [Administratyvno-yurysdyktsiina diialnist politsii]. Kyiv: Tsentr uchbovoi literatury.
Karinskii S.S., 1954. Jurisdiction [Yurisdiktsiya]. In: Lekhin I.V. and Petrov F.N. (eds). Dictionary of foreign words [Slovar` inostrannykh slov]. Moscow: Gosudarstvennoe izdatel`stvo inostrannykh i natsional`nykh slovarei.
Pigolkin A.S., 1987. Jurisdiction [Yurisdiktsiya]. In: Boguslavskii M.M. et al. Legal encyclopedic dictionary [Yuridicheskii entsiklopedicheskii slovar`]. 2nd ed. Moscow: Sovetskaya entsyklopediya. (Ed.: Sukharev A.Ya.).
Hizhevskyi V.K., Holovchenko V.V., Kovalskyi V.S. et al., 2002. Popular legal encyclopedia [Populiarna yurydychna entsyklopediia]. Kyiv: Yurinkom Inter.
Serdiuk V.V., 2015. Territoriality as a principle of building a system of courts of general jurisdiction: new approaches to implementation [Terytorialnist yak pryntsyp pobudovy systemy sudiv zahalnoi yurysdyktsii: novi pidkhody do realizatsii]. Visnyk Akademii advokatury Ukrainy – Bulletin of the Academy of Advocacy of Ukraine, Vol. 12, part 2, pp. 161-169.
Uliutina O.A., 2019. Trends in reforming the judicial system of Ukraine since independence and to the present [Tendentsii reformuvannia systemy sudoustroiu Ukrainy z chasiv nezalezhnosti i do sohodennia]. Law. Human. Environmen, No. 4, pp. 121-129.
Chumak V.V., 2020. Role and Place of Higher Specialized Courts in the Judicial System of Ukraine [Rol i mistse vyshchykh spetsializovanykh sudiv u systemi sudoustroiu Ukrainy]. Visn. Harc. nac. univ. vnutr. sprav, No. 2, pp. 250-257.
Nazarov I.V., 2009. The principle of territoriality of the judicial system in the legislation of Ukraine and European countries [Pryntsyp terytorialnosti pobudovy sudovoi systemy v zakonodavstvi Ukrainy ta yevropeiskykh derzhav]. Problemy zakonnosti – Problems of Legality, No. 104, pp. 223-231.
Marochkin I.Ye. and Sibilova N.V. (eds), 2007. Organization of the judiciary in Ukraine [Orhanizatsiia sudovoi vlady v Ukraini]. Kharkiv: Odissei.
Okhotnytska N.V., 2015. Formation of the judicial system of Ukraine (1991–2012): historical and legal aspect [Stanovlennia sudovoi systemy Ukrainy (1991-2012 rr.): istoryko-pravovyi aspekt]. Ph.D. dissertation. Lviv State University of Internal Affairs.
Obrizko I.M., 2011. The concept and content of specialization of courts as a principle of organization of the judiciary [Poniattia ta zmist spetsializatsii sudiv yak pryntsypu orhanizatsii sudovoi vlady]. Socìologìâ prava, No. 2, pp. 48-54.
Kyrychenko V.M., 2012. Comparative constitutional law: a modular course [Porivnialne konstytutsiine pravo: modulnyi kurs]. Kyiv: Tsentr uchbovoi literatury.
Copyright (c) 2020 S. V. Volovyk
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.